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Biology of Aging

Molly (Mary) Carnes

Molly (Mary) Carnes

M.D., SUNY at Buffalo
M.S., University of Wisconsin
Professor, Department of Medicine, Psychiatry and Industrial & Systems Engineering
Director, UW Center for Women's Health Research
Co-Director, Women in Science & Engineering Leadership Institute (WISELI)

Women's Health and Aging; Women in Academic Science and Engineering

Dr. Molly Carnes' academic career has had several stages: first, as an academic geriatrician studying hormonal rhythms in a rodent model, then as a program developer in academic women's health, and now as a leader of institutional research on increasing the gender and ethnic/racial diversity of academic leadership in medicine, science and engineering. Dr. Carnes is the Jean Manchester Biddick Professor of Women's Health Research and Director of the Center for Women's Health Research (CWHR) in the School of Medicine and Public Health at the UW. Additionally, she is Director of the VA Women's Health Program at the William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital and co-Director of the Women in Science and Engineering Leadership Institute (WISELI) in the UW College of Engineering and co-directs the Wisconsin Alliance for Minority Participation (WiscAMP). Her research focuses on how cultural stereotypes influence judgments and decision-making in ways that constrain opportunities for careers in academic medicine, science, and engineering for women and individuals from other groups that have not historically been well represented in these areas -- particularly at the leadership level.

Representative Publications
Kaatz, A., Dattalo, M., Regner, C., Filut, A., & Carnes, M. (2016). Patterns of feedback on the bridge to independence: A qualitative thematic analysis of NIH mentored career development award application critiques. Journal of Women's Health, 25(1), 78-90.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2015.5254

Kaatz, A., Lee, Y-G., Potvien, A., Magua, W., Filut, A., Bhattacharaya, A., Leatherberry, R., Zhu, X., & Carnes, M. (2016). Analysis of NIH R01 application critiques, impact and criteria scores: Does the sex of the principal investigator make a difference? Academic Medicine, 91(8), 1080-1088.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000001272

Carnes, M., Devine, P.G., Manwell, L.B., Byars-Winston, A., Fine, E., Ford, C.E., . . . Sheridan J. (2015). Effect of an intervention to break the gender bias habit: A cluster randomized, controlled trial. Academic Medicine, 90(2), 221-230.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000000552

Kaatz, A., Magua, W., Zimmerman, D.R., & Carnes, M. (2015). A quantitative linguistic analysis of NIH R01 application critiques from investigators at one institution. Academic Medicine, 90(1), 69-75.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000000442

Carnes, M., Bartels, C., Isaac, C., Kaatz, A., & Kolehmainen, C. (2015). Why is John more likely to become department chair than Jennifer? American Clinical and Climatological Society, 126, 197-214.

Kaatz, A., & Carnes, M. (2015). Women at the top: The risks of leading from a glass cliff. Society for Cell Biology, 42-44.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1111/j.1540-6210.2006.00651.x#sthash.tkY4Mg1K.dpuf

Sheridan, J., Pribbenow, C.M., Carnes, M., Handelsman, J., & Wendt, A. (2015). Life happens: The Vilas Life Cycle Professorship Program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In: E.K. Anderson & C.R. Solomon (Eds.), Family-Friendly Policies and Practices in Academe. New York: Lexington Books, 157-180.

Carnes, M., & Vogelman, B. (2015). Examining the potential benefits and harms of accreditation. Journal of Women's Health, 24(5).
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2015.5289 2015

Sheehy, A., Kolehmainen, C., & Carnes, M. (2015). We specialize in change leadership: A call for Hospitalists to lead the quest for workforce gender equity. Journal of Hospital Medicine, 10(8):551-2.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1002/jhm.2399

Kolehmainen, C., Stahr, A., Kaatz, A., Cook, J., & Carnes, M. (2015). Post-Code PTSD Symptoms in Internal Medicine Residents Who Participate in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Events: A Mixed Methods Study. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 7(3), 475-479.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.4300/JGME-D-14-00424.1

Pier, E. L., Raclaw, J., Nathan, M. J., Kaatz, A., Carnes, M., & Ford, C. E. (2015). Studying the study section: How group decision making in person and via videoconferencing affects the grant peer review process. WCER Working Paper No. 2015-6. Retrieved from: www.wcer.wisc.edu/publications/workingPapers/papers.php.

Kolehmainen, C., Brennan, M., Filut, A., Isaac, C., Carnes, M. (2014). "Afraid of Being Witchy with a 'B'": A Qualitative study of how residents enact leadership in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Academic Medicine.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000000372

Isaac, C., Byars-Winston, A., McSorley, R., Schultz, A., Kaatz, A., & Carnes, M. (2014). A qualitative study of work-life choices in academic internal medicine. Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice, 19(1), 29-41.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s10459-013-9457-5

Kaatz, A., & Carnes, M (2014). Stuck in the Out-Group: Jennifer can't grow up, Jane's invisible, and Janet's over the hill. Journal of Women's Health, 23(6), 1-4 .
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2014.4766

Kaatz, A., Gutierrez, B., & Carnes, M. (2014). Threats to objectivity in peer review: The case of gender. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, Science & Society, 35(8), 371-373.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/j.tips.2014.06.005

Gutierrez, B., Kaatz, A., Chu, S., Ramirez, D., Samson-Samuel, C., & Carnes, M. (2014). Fair Play: A video game designed to address implicit race bias through active perspective taking. Games for Health Journal December, 3(6), 371-378.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/g4h.2013.0071

Fine, E., Wendt, A., & Carnes, M. (2014). Gendered expectations: Are we unintentionally undermining our efforts to diversify STEM fields. Crossroads, 20(4), 46-51.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1145/2605000

Fine, E., Sheridan, J., Carnes, M., Handelsman, J., Pribbenow, C., Savoy, J., & Wendt, A. (2014). Minimizing the influence of gender bias on the faculty search process. In V. Demos, C. White Berheide, & M. Texler Sega, Gender Transformation in the Academy (pp.267-289). Bingley.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1108/S1529-212620140000019012

Kaatz, A., Vogelman, P. N., & Carnes, M. (2013). Are men more likely than women to commit scientific misconduct? Maybe, maybe not. MBio, 4(2), e00156-13.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1128/mBio.00156-13

Chapman, E., Kaatz, A., & Carnes, M. (2013). Physicians and implicit bias: How doctors may unwittingly perpetuate health care disparities. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 28(11), 1504-1510.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s11606-013-2441-1

Isaac, C., Byars-Winston, A., McSorley, R., Schultz, A., Kaatz, A., & Carnes, M. (2013). A qualitative study of work-life choices in academic internal medicine. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 1-13.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s10459-013-9457-5

Isaac, C., Petrashek, K., Steiner, M., Baier Manwell, L., Byars-Winston, A., & Carnes, M. (2013). Male spouses of women physicians: Communication, compromise, and carving out time. The Qualitative Report, 18(104), 1-12.

Carnes, M., Devine, P.G., Isaac, C., Baier Manwell, L., Ford, C.E., Byers-Winston, A., Fine, E., & Sheridan, J. (2012). Promoting Institutional Change Through Bias Literacy. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 5(2), 63-77.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1037/a0028128

Isaac, C., Kaatz, A., & Carnes, M. (2012). Deconstructing the glass ceiling. Scientific Research, Sociology Mind, 2(1), 80-86.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.4236/sm.2012.21011

Carnes, M. (2012). A piece of my mind: What would Patsy Mink think? The Journal of the American Medical Association, 307(6), 541-2.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1001/jama.2012.79

Burgess, D.J., Joseph, A., van Ryn, M., & Carnes, M. (2012). Does stereotype threat affect women in academic medicine? Academic Medicine, 87(4), 506-512.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0b013e318248f718

Isaac, C., Kaatz, A., Lee, B., & Carnes, M. (2012). An educational intervention designed to increase women's leadership self-efficacy. CBE Life Sciences Education, 11(3), 307-322.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1187/cbe.12-02-0022

Isaac, C., Chertoff, J., Lee, B., & Carnes, M. (2011). Do students' and authors' genders affect evaluations? A linguistic analysis of medical student performance evaluations. Academic Medicine, 86(1), 59-66.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0b013e318200561d

Geller, S.E., Koch, A., Pellettieri, B., & Carnes, M. (2011). Inclusion, analysis and reporting of sex and race/ethnicity in clinical trials: have we made progress? Journal of Women's Health, 20(3), 315-20.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2010.2469

Byars-Winston, A., Gutierrez, B., Topp, S., & Carnes, M. (2011). Integrating theory and practice to increase scientific workforce diversity: a framework for career development in graduate research training. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 10(4), 357-367.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1187/cbe.10-12-0145

Pribbenow, C.M., Sheridan, J., Winchell, J., Benting, B., Handelsman, J., & Carnes, M. (2010). The tenure process and extending the tenure clock: The experience of faculty at one university. Higher Education Policy, 23, 17-38.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1057/hep.2009.18

Isaac, C., Griffin, L., & Carnes, M. (2010). A qualitative study of faculty members' views of women chairs: The news is good. Journal of Women's Health,19(3), 533-546.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2009.1506

Sheridan, J.T., Fine, E., Pribbenow, C.M., Handelsman, J., & Carnes, M. (2010). Searching for excellence & diversity: increasing the hiring of women faculty at one academic medical center. Academic Medicine, 85(6), 999-1007.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181dbf75a

Carnes, M. (2010). Commentary: deconstructing gender difference. Academic Medicine, 85(4), 575-7.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181d983de

Berquist, J.B., Carnes, M., Roach, M.A., & Vogelman, B. (2010). "Speed dating" workshop to pair interns and researchers." Medical Education, 44(11), 1133-4.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03806.x

Schmid, S.L., Carnes, M., Goodenough, U., Hopkins, N., Leboy, P., Masur, S., & Valian, V. (2010). ASCB Women in Cell Biology Committee. A richer and more diverse future for cell biology. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 21(22), 3821-2.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1091/mbc.E10-09-0772

Isaac, C., Lee, B., & Carnes, M. (2009). Interventions that affect gender bias in hiring: A systematic review. Acad Med, 8(10), 440-46.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181b6ba00

Lemieux, A., Coe, C., & Carnes, M. (2008). Symptom severity predicts degree of T cell activation in adult women following childhood maltreatment. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 22(6), 994-1003.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/j.bbi.2008.02.005

Bartels, C., Goetz, S., Ward, E., & Carnes, M. (2008). Internal medicine residents' perceived ability to direct patient care: Impact of gender and experience. Journal of Women's Health, 17(10), 1615-1621.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2008.0798

Carnes, M., Morrissey, C., & Geller, S.E. (2008). Women's health and women's leadership in academic medicine: Hitting the same glass ceiling? Journal of Women's Health, 17(9), 1453-1462.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2007.0688

Schapira, M.M., Gilligan, M.A., McAuliffe, T., Garmon, G., Carnes, M., & Nattinger, A.B. (2007). Decision-making at menopause: A randomized controlled trial of a computer-based hormone therapy decision-aid. Patient Educ. Couns., 67(12), 100-7. PMID: 17400413.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/j.pec.2007.02.007

Marchant, A., Bhattacharya, A., & Carnes, M. (2007). Can the language of tenure criteria influence women's academic advancement? J. Women's Health, 16(7), 998-1003.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2007.0348

Carnes, M., & Bigby, J. (2007). Jennifer fever in academic medicine. J. Women's Health, 16(3), 299-301.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2007.E072

Springer, K.W., Sheridan, J., Kuo, D., & Carnes, M. (2007). Long-term health consequences of childhood physical abuse: Results from a large population-based sample of men and women. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31(5), 517-530. PMID: 17532465.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2007.01.003

Carnes, M., & Bland, C. (2007). Viewpoint: A challenge to academic centers and the NIH to prevent unintended gender bias in selection of CTSA leaders. Acad. Med., 82(2), 202-6.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1097/ACM.0b013e31802d939f

Wilcox, A., Carnes, M., Moon, T.D., Tobias, R., Baade H., Stamos E., & Elliott, M.E. (2006). Androgen deprivation in veterans with prostate cancer: Implications for skeletal health. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 40, 2107-2114. PMID: 17132807.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1345/aph.1H209

Carnes, M. (2006). Gender: macho language and other deterrents. Nature, 442, 868. PMID: 16929276.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1038/442868b

Geller, S.E., Adams, M.G., & Carnes, M. (2006). Adherence to federal guidelines for reporting of sex and race/ethnicity in clinical trials. J. Women's Health, 15, 1123-1131. PMID: 17199453.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2006.15.1123

Shershneva, M., Carnes, M., & Bakken, L. (2006). A model of teaching-learning transactions in generalist specialist consultations. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 26, 222-229. PMID: 16986153.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1002/chp.75

Sheridan, J., Brennan, P.F., Carnes, M., & Handelsman, J. (2006). Discovering directions for change in higher education through the experiences of senior women faculty. J. Tech. Transfer, 31(3), 387-396.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s10961-006-7210-4

Carnes, M., Schuler, L., Sarto, G.E., Lent, S.J., & Bakken, L. (2006). Increasing sex and ethnic/racial diversity of researchers in aging: Some promising strategies at the postdoctoral level. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc., 54, 980-985. PMID: 16776796.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2006.00739.x

Handelsman, J., Cantor, N., Carnes, M., Denton, D., Fine, E., Grosz, B., Hinshaw, V., Marrett, C., Rosser, S., Shalala, D., & Sheridan, J. (2005). More women in science. Science, 309, 1190-1191. PMID: 16109868.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1126/science.1113252

Carnes, M., Geller, S., Fine, E., Sheridan, J., & Handelsman, J. (2005). NIH Director's Pioneer Awards: Could the selection process be biased against women? J. Women's Health, 14, 682-688. PMID: 16232100.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/jwh.2005.14.684

Carnes, M., Handelsman, J., & Sheridan, J. (2005). Diversity in academic medicine: A stages of change model. J. Women's Health, 14, 471-475. PMID: 16115000.

Elliott, M.E., Petersen, K., Binkley, N.C., Carnes, M.L., Zimmerman, D.R., Kieser, M.A., Knapp, K., Behlke, J., & Ahmann, N. (2003). Fracture risks for women in long-term care: high prevalence of calcaneal osteoporosis and hypovitaminosis D. Pharmacotherapy, 23(6), 702-10.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1592/phco.23.6.702.32182

Elliott, M.E., Martin, B.A., Kanous, N.L., Carnes, M.L., Komoroske, B., & Binkley, N.C. (2003). Osteoporosis risk in elderly nuns: Need for better recognition and treatment. Curr. Ther. Res., 64, 65-80.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/S0011-393X(03)00017-1

Cohen, H.J., Feussner, J.R., Weinberger, M., Carnes, M., & Hamdy, R.C. (2002). Effect of geriatric evaluation and management units and clinics on survival, health related quality of life and functional status: A VA Cooperative Trial. N. Engl. J. Med., 346, 905-911.

Riley, R.L., Gudmundssonn, A., Carnes, M.L., & Elliott, M.E. (2002). Male veterans with hip fractures: Outcomes and evaluation of secondary osteoporosis prevention. Ann. Pharmacother., 36(1), 17-23.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1345/aph.1A094

Elliott, M.E., Wilcox, A., Carnes, M.L., Tobias, R., Baade, H., Stamos, E., & Counts, C.D. (2002). Androgen deprivation in veterans with prostate cancer: Implications for skeletal health. J. Bone Miner. Res., 17(Suppl 1), SU328.

Carnes, M., Vandenbosche, G., Agatista, P.K., Hirschfield, A., Dan, A., Shaver, J.L.F., Murasko, D., & McLaughlin, M. (2001). Using women's health research to develop women leaders in academic health sciences: the National Centers of Excellence in Women's Health. J. Women's Health & Gender-based Medicine, 10, 39-47.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1089/152460901750067106

Carnes, M., Sarto, G., & Springer, K. (2001). Depression in medical outpatients (letter to the editor pointing out the absence of women's experiences in review by Whooley and Simon, 343, 1942-50). N. Engl. J. Med., 344, 1251-1253.

Hind, J., Nicosia, M., Carnes, M., Roecker, E., & Robbins, J. (2001). Comparison of effortful and non-effortful swallowing in healthy middle aged and older adults. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82, 1661-1665.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1053/apmr.2001.28006

Elliott, M.E., Petersen, K., Binkley, N.C., Carnes, M.L., Zimmerman, D.R., Kieser, M.A., Knapp, K., Behlke, J., & Ahmann, N. (2001). Fracture risks in long term care: Osteoporosis and hypovitaminosis D. American College of Clinical Pharmacy Annual Meeting, Abstract 363, 200.

Foster, S.W., McMurray, J.E., Linzer, M., Leavitt, J.W., Rosenberg, M., Carnes, M. (2000). Results of a gender-climate and work-environment survey at a midwest academic health center. Acad. Med., 75, 653-60.

Elliott, M.E., Farrah, R.M., Binkley, N.C., Carnes, M.L., & Gudmundsson, A. (2000). Management of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in male veterans. Ann. Pharmacother., 34, 1380-1384.

Nicosia, M.A., Hind, J.A., Roecker, E.B., Carnes, M., Doyle, J., Dengel, G.A., & Robbins, J. (2000). Age effects on temporal evolution of isometric and swallowing pressure. Journal of Gerontology, Medical Sciences, 55(11), M634-M640.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1093/gerona/55.11.M634

Riley, R.L., Gudmundssonn, A., Carnes, M.L., & Elliott, M.E. (2000). Veterans with hip fractures: Outcomes and evaluation of secondary prevention strategies. J. Bone Min. Res., 14(Suppl 1), SU449.

Gudmundsson, A., Ershler, W.B., Lent, S., Barczi, S., Goodman, B., & Carnes, M. (1999). The effects of estrogen replacement on circadian rhythm of cortisol in postmenopausal women. Experimental Gerontology, 34, 809-818.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/S0531-5565(99)00044-3

Steffen, K.A., & Carnes, M. (1999). Hormone replacement therapy in the aging woman. Part I: Hormone replacement therapy and coronary heart disease. Ann. Long Term Care, 7, 221-225.

Steffen, K.A., & Carnes, M. (1999). Hormone replacement therapy in the aging woman. Part II. Hormone replacement therapy and osteoporosis. Ann. Long Term Care, 7, 277-281.

Carnes, M., & Wells, T. (1999). The invisible woman. Arch. Intern. Med., 159, 99.

Carnes, M. (1999). Health care in the U.S.: Is there evidence for systematic gender bias? WI. Med. J., 98, 15-19, 25.

Elliott, M.E., Carnes, M.L., Meek, P.D., Binkley, N.C., Gudmundsson, A., & Sanchez, C. (1999). Osteoporosis: Suggested management strategies. Drug Policy Perspective, 5, 66-69.

Elliott, M.E., Carnes, M.L., & Gudmundsson, A. (1999). Enrollment in a multidisciplinary osteoporosis clinic maintains or improves bone mineral density in male veterans. J. Bone. Min. Res., 14(Suppl 1), SU389.

Elliott, M.E., Klein, L.C., Carnes, M.L., Gudmundsson, A., Skoronski, R.M., & Binkley, N.C. (1998). Management of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in male veterans. Bone, 2(5 suppl), s583.

Gudmundsson, A., Ershler, W.B., Lent, S., Barczi, S., Goodman, B., & Carnes, M. (1997). Serum levels of Interleukin-6 are elevated when sampled through indwelling venous catheter. Clin. Chem., 43, 2199-2200.

Wich, B., & Carnes, M. (1995). Menopause and the aging reproductive system. Endocrinol. Metab. Clin. North Am., 24, 273-295.

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