Biodemography of Aging: Social, Economic, and Biological Determinants of the Aging Process
My research is concentrated in four areas. First, I am interested in the formulation of models for the study of determinants of health status and mortality among the elderly. This research includes development of new statistical techniques to the study of the aging process, particularly the application of multistate hazard models, as well as mathematical representation of population changes, with special emphasis on the assessment of changes in cohorts’ composition by early conditions.
The second area of research is the study of health and mortality disparities in the US and other high income countries. Recently I investigated trends and determinants of education disparities in high income countries and estimated trends in the size and nature of ethnic disparities in health and mortality in the US. The main puzzle that guides this research is the increase in health and disparities since 1980.
A third area of research is a large scale, long-term project involving data collection on health conditions and demand for health care of the elderly in ten countries in Latin America and The Caribbean (Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay). In the first stage (2004) of this project we collected information on elderly individuals residing in the capital cities. In 2008 we completed the second wave of a survey on elderly people in Puerto Rico (PREHCO) and we are now in the field to collect information for a third wave of the study of Mexican elders (MHAS), a collaborative study with Dr. Rebeca Wong of the Medical Branch of the University of Texas.
The fourth line of research consists of studying the effects of early conditions on adult health and mortality among adults both in low and high income countries. I investigated the association of IQ and mortality in a cohort of Wisconsin High School Graduates, the impact of early growth and scholastic achievement on adult health status in a cohort born in 1957 in the UK. In addition, I have ongoing studies of the relation between exposure to infectious illness in childhood and the onset of adult chronic conditions and disability. For the most part these studies are based on empirical information (biomarkers and clinical assessments) of elderly in low income countries.
Samper-Ternet, R., Michaels-Obregon, A., Wong, R., & Palloni, A. (In Press)Mexican older adults in a mixed epidemiological regime. Salud Publica de Mexico.
Riosmena, F., Wong, R., & Palloni, A. (2013). Migration, selection, protection, and acculturation: a binational perspective on older adults. Demography, 50(3). Advance online publication.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s13524-012-0178-9
Palloni, A. & Thomas, J. (2013). Estimation of covariate effects with current status data and differential mortality. Demography, 50(2), 521-544.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s13524-012-0160-6
Palloni, A., & Pinto-Aguirre, G. (2011). Adult mortality in Latin America and the Caribbean. In R. Rogers, & E. Crimmins (Eds.), International Handbook of Adult Mortality, 2(1), 101-132.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-9996-9_5
Birnie, K., Cooper, R., Martin, R.M., Kuh, D., Sayer, A. A., Bayer, A., … Palloni, A., … Hardy, R. (2011). Childhood socioeconomic position and objectively measured physical capability levels in adulthood: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One, 6(1), e15564.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0015564
Hauser, R., & Palloni, A. (2011). Adolescent IQ and survival in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 66B(1), i91–i101.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbr037
M. Monteverde, Noronha, K., Palloni, A., & Novak, Beatriz. (2010). Obesity and excess mortality among elders in the United States and Mexico. Demography, 47(1), 79-96.
J. Hagan, Rymond-Richmond, W., & Palloni, A. (2010). Racial Targeting of Sexual Violence in Darfur. American Journal of Public Health, 99(8), 1386-1392.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2008.141119
Ceballos, M., & Palloni, A. (2010). Maternal and Infant Health of the Mexican immigrants in the USA: the effects of acculturation, duration, and selective return migration. Ethnicity and Health, 15(4), 377-396.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1080/13557858.2010.481329
McEniry, M., & Palloni, A. (2010). Early life exposures and the occurrence and timing of heart disease among the older adult Puerto Rican population. Demography, 47(1), 23-43.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1353/dem.0.0093
Palloni, A., Milesi, C., White, R.G., & Turner, A. (2009). Early childhood health, reproduction of economic inequalities and the persistence of health and mortality differentials. Social Science & Medicine, 68(9), 1574-82.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.009
Monteverde, M., Noronha, K., & Palloni, A. (2009). Effect of early conditions on disability among the elderly in Latin America and the Caribbean. Population Studies, 63(1), 21-35.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1080/00324720802621583
McEniry, M., Palloni, A., Dávila, A., & Gurucharri, A. (2008). Early life exposure to poor nutrition and infectious diseases and its effects on the health of older Puerto Rican adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 63B(6), S337-S348.
Palloni, A., & McEniry, M. (2007). Aging and health status of elderly in Latin America and the Caribbean: Preliminary findings. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 22(3), 263-285.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s10823-006-9001-7
Wong, R., Palloni, A., & Soldo, B.J. (2007). Wealth in middle and old age in Mexico: The role of international migration. International Migration Review, 41(1), 127-151.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1111/j.1747-7379.2007.00059.x
Palloni, A. (2006). Reproducing inequalities: Luck, wallets, and the enduring effects of childhood health. Demography, 43(4), 587-615.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1353/dem.2006.0036
Palloni, A., & Milesi, C. (2006). Economic achievement, inequalities and health disparities: The intervening role of early health status. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 24(1), 21-40.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/j.rssm.2005.02.001
Palloni, A., McEniry, M., Davila, A.L., & Garcia Gurucharri, A. (2005). The influence of early conditions on health status among elderly Puerto Ricans. Social Biology, 52(3-4), 132-163.
Fussell, E., & Palloni, A. (2004). Persistent marriage regimes in changing times. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(5), 1201-1213.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00087.x
Palloni, A., & Arias, E. (2004). Paradox lost: Explaining the Hispanic adult mortality advantage. Demography, 41(3), 385-415.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1353/dem.2004.0024
Palloni, A. (2003). Mathusian checks: An investigation into sufficiency conditions, long-term dynamics and implications for inverse projections. In E. Barbi, E. Sonnino, & R. Bertino (Eds.), Advances in inverse and backward projection methods. Rome: University of Rome.
Palloni, A. (2003). Diffusion and fertility changes. In P. Demeny & G. McNicoll (Eds.), Encyclopedia on population. McMillan Press.
Palloni, A., & De Vos, S. (2003). Elderly's residential arrangements: A comparative analysis. Report prepared for the Population Division, United Nations.
Palloni, A. (2002). Living arrangements of older persons. Population Bulletin of the United Nations Special Issue, 42/43, 54-110.
Palloni, A., Pinto-Aguirre, G., & Pelaez, M.
(2002). Demographic and health conditions of ageing in Latin America and the Caribbean. International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, 762-771.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1093/ije/31.4.762
Palloni, A. (2002). Teaching the profession of demography: Models and methods. Genus.
Palloni, A., Massey, D.S., Ceballos, M., Espinosa, K., & Spittel, M. (2001). Social capital and international migration: A test using information on family networks. American Journal of Sociology, 106(5), 1262-1298.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1086/320817
Palloni, A. (2001). Diffusion in sociological analysis: How useful is it for the study of fertility and mortality? In J. Casterline & B. Cohen (Eds.), Social processes underlying fertility changes in developing countries. National Research Council Press.
Palloni, A. (2001). Mortality and AIDS. In N.J Smelser & P.B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences.
Palloni, A. & Morenoff, J. (2001). Interpreting the paradoxical in the Hispanic Paradox: Demographic and epidemiological approaches. In M. Weinstein, A. Hermalin, & M. Stoto (Eds), Population health and aging. New York Academy of Sciences.
Palloni, A., Pelaez, M., & De Vos, S. (2000). Aging in Latin America (Working Series Paper, No. 99-2). Madison: University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology.
Palloni, A. (2000). Increment-decrement life tables. In S.H. Preston, P. Heuveline, & M. Guillot (Eds.), Elements of demography. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Palloni, A., & Arias, E. (1998). Prevalence and patterns of female-headed households in Latin America: 1970-1990. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 30(2), 257-279.
Palloni, A., & Hagan, J. (1998). Sociological criminology and the mythology of Hispanic immigration and crime. Social Problems, 46(4), 617-32.
Palloni, A., Pelaez, M., & De Vos, S. (1998). Aging in Latin America. The Pan American Health Organization Bulletin (Special Issue).
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