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Alberto Palloni

Alberto Palloni

Ph.D., University of Washington
Professor Emeritus, Department of Sociology

Biodemography of Aging: Social, Economic, and Biological Determinants of the Aging Process

My research is concentrated in four areas. First, I am interested in the formulation of models for the study of determinants of health status and mortality among the elderly. This research includes (a) development of new statistical techniques for the study of aging processes with applications of multistate hazard models to represent illness, disability and mortality; (b) mathematical representation of population changes, with special emphasis on the assessment of changes in cohorts' composition by early conditions and their impact on longevity.

The second area of research is the study of health and mortality disparities in the US and other high income countries. Recently I investigated trends and determinants of education disparities in high income countries and estimated trends in the size and nature of ethnic disparities in health and mortality in the US. The main puzzle that guides this research is the increase in health and disparities since 1980.

A third area of research is a large scale, long-term project involving data collection on health conditions and demand for health care of the elderly in ten countries in Latin America and The Caribbean (Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay). In the first stage (2004) of this project we collected information on elderly individuals residing in the capital cities. In 2008 we completed the second wave of a survey on elderly people in Puerto Rico (PREHCO) and have just completed collection of a third wave of the study of Mexican elders (MHAS), a collaborative study with Dr. Rebeca Wong of the Medical Branch of the University of Texas. Of singular importance in this project is the study of the impact of trends in obesity and cigarette smoking on adult health status and mortality and on the future of longevity in the region.

The fourth line of research consists of studying the effects of early conditions on adult health and mortality among adults both in low and high income countries. I investigated the association of IQ and mortality in a cohort of Wisconsin High School Graduates, the impact of early growth and scholastic achievement on adult health status in a cohort born in 1957 in the UK. In addition, I have ongoing studies of the relation between exposure to infectious illness in childhood and the onset of adult chronic conditions and disability. For the most part these studies are based on empirical information (biomarkers and clinical assessments) of elderly in low-income countries.

Representative Publications
Palloni, A., & Beltran-Sanchez, H. (2017). Discrete barker frailty and warped mortality dynamics at older ages. Demography, 54(2), 655-671.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s13524-017-0548-4

Beltran-Sanchez, H., Palloni, A., Riosmena, F., & Wong, R. (2016). SES gradients among mexicans in the United States and in Mexico: A new twist to the Hispanic paradox? Demography, 53(5), 1555-1581.
View publication via DOI: DOI:1007/s13524-016-0508-4

Di Cesare, M., Bentham, J., Stevens, G. A., Zhou, B., Danaei, G., Lu, Y., ... Palloni, A., ... N. C. D. Risk Factor Collaboration. (2016). Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: A pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19.2 million participants. Lancet, 387(10026), 1377-1396.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30054-X

Bentham, J., Cesare, M., Stevens, G. A., Zhou, B., Bixby, H., Cowan, M., ... Palloni, A. ... N. C. D. Risk Factor Collaboration. (2016). A century of trends in adult human height. Elife, 5, 29.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.7554/eLife.13410

Warren, J.R., Halpern-Manners, A., Liying L., Raymo, J.M., & Palloni, A. (2015). Do Different Methods for Modeling Age-Graded Trajectories Yield Consistent and Valid Results? American Journal of Sociology, 120, 1809-1856.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1086/681962

Gerst-Emerson, K., Wong, R., Michaels-Obregon, A., & Palloni, A. (2015). Cross-national differences in disability among elders: Transitions in disability in Mexico and the United States. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences, 70(5), 759-768.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbu185

Warren, J. R., Liying, L., Halpern-Manners, A., Raymo, J. M., & Palloni, A. (2015). Do different methods for modeling age-graded trajectories yield consistent and valid results. American Journal of Sociology, 120(6), 1809-1856.

Gonzalez-Gonzalez, C., Samper-Ternent, R., Wong, R., & Palloni, A. (2014). Mortality inequality among older adults in Mexico: The combined role of infectious and chronic diseases. Revista Panamericana De Salud Publica-Pan American Journal of Public Health, 35(2), 89-95.

Palloni, A., & Yonker, J. (2014). A search for answers to continuing health and mortality disparities in the United States. Generations, 38(4), 12-18.

Riosmena, F., Wong, R., & Palloni, A. (2013). Migration selection, protection, and acculturation: a binational perspective on older adults. Demography, 50(3), 1039-1064.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s13524-012-0178-9

Palloni, A. & Thomas, J. (2013). Estimation of covariate effects with current status data and differential mortality. Demography, 50(2), 521-544.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s13524-012-0160-6

Palloni, A., & Souza, L. (2013). The fragility of the future and the tug of the past: Longevity in Latin American and the Caribbean. Demographic Research, 29(21), 543-578.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.21

Samper-Ternet, R., Michaels-Obregon, A., Wong, R., & Palloni, A. (2012). Older adults under a mixed regime of infectious and chronic diseases. Salud Publica de Mexico, 54(5), 487-95.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1590/S0036-36342012000500005

Palloni, A., & Palloni, G. (2012). Education, earnings, and diabetes. Health Affairs, 31(5), 1126-1126.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1377/hlthaff.2012.0373

Palloni, A., & Pinto-Aguirre, G. (2011). Adult mortality in Latin America and the Caribbean. In R. Rogers, & E. Crimmins (Eds.), International Handbook of Adult Mortality, 2(1), 101-132.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-9996-9_5

Birnie, K., Cooper, R., Martin, R.M., Kuh, D., Sayer, A. A., Bayer, A., ... Palloni, A., ... Hardy, R. (2011). Childhood socioeconomic position and objectively measured physical capability levels in adulthood: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One, 6(1), e15564.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0015564

Hauser, R., & Palloni, A. (2011). Adolescent IQ and survival in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 66B(1), i91-i101.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbr037

M. Monteverde, Noronha, K., Palloni, A., & Novak, Beatriz. (2010). Obesity and excess mortality among elders in the United States and Mexico. Demography, 47(1), 79-96.

J. Hagan, Rymond-Richmond, W., & Palloni, A. (2010). Racial Targeting of Sexual Violence in Darfur. American Journal of Public Health, 99(8), 1386-1392.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2008.141119

Ceballos, M., & Palloni, A. (2010). Maternal and Infant Health of the Mexican immigrants in the USA: the effects of acculturation, duration, and selective return migration. Ethnicity and Health, 15(4), 377-396.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1080/13557858.2010.481329

McEniry, M., & Palloni, A. (2010). Early life exposures and the occurrence and timing of heart disease among the older adult Puerto Rican population. Demography, 47(1), 23-43.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1353/dem.0.0093

Palloni, A., Milesi, C., White, R.G., & Turner, A. (2009). Early childhood health, reproduction of economic inequalities and the persistence of health and mortality differentials. Social Science & Medicine, 68(9), 1574-82.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.009

Monteverde, M., Noronha, K., & Palloni, A. (2009). Effect of early conditions on disability among the elderly in Latin America and the Caribbean. Population Studies, 63(1), 21-35.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1080/00324720802621583

McEniry, M., Palloni, A., Davila, A., & Gurucharri, A. (2008). Early life exposure to poor nutrition and infectious diseases and its effects on the health of older Puerto Rican adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 63B(6), S337-S348.

Palloni, A., & McEniry, M. (2007). Aging and health status of elderly in Latin America and the Caribbean: Preliminary findings. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 22(3), 263-285.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1007/s10823-006-9001-7

Wong, R., Palloni, A., & Soldo, B.J. (2007). Wealth in middle and old age in Mexico: The role of international migration. International Migration Review, 41(1), 127-151.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1111/j.1747-7379.2007.00059.x

Palloni, A. (2006). Reproducing inequalities: Luck, wallets, and the enduring effects of childhood health. Demography, 43(4), 587-615.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1353/dem.2006.0036

Palloni, A., & Milesi, C. (2006). Economic achievement, inequalities and health disparities: The intervening role of early health status. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 24(1), 21-40.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1016/j.rssm.2005.02.001

Palloni, A., McEniry, M., Davila, A.L., & Garcia Gurucharri, A. (2005). The influence of early conditions on health status among elderly Puerto Ricans. Social Biology, 52(3-4), 132-163.

Fussell, E., & Palloni, A. (2004). Persistent marriage regimes in changing times. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(5), 1201-1213.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00087.x

Palloni, A., & Arias, E. (2004). Paradox lost: Explaining the Hispanic adult mortality advantage. Demography, 41(3), 385-415.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1353/dem.2004.0024

Palloni, A. (2003). Mathusian checks: An investigation into sufficiency conditions, long-term dynamics and implications for inverse projections. In E. Barbi, E. Sonnino, & R. Bertino (Eds.), Advances in inverse and backward projection methods. Rome: University of Rome.

Palloni, A. (2003). Diffusion and fertility changes. In P. Demeny & G. McNicoll (Eds.), Encyclopedia on population. McMillan Press.

Palloni, A., & De Vos, S. (2003). Elderly's residential arrangements: A comparative analysis. Report prepared for the Population Division, United Nations.

Palloni, A. (2002). Living arrangements of older persons. Population Bulletin of the United Nations Special Issue, 42/43, 54-110.

Palloni, A., Pinto-Aguirre, G., & Pelaez, M. (2002). Demographic and health conditions of ageing in Latin America and the Caribbean. International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, 762-771.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1093/ije/31.4.762

Palloni, A. (2002). Teaching the profession of demography: Models and methods. Genus.

Palloni, A., Massey, D.S., Ceballos, M., Espinosa, K., & Spittel, M. (2001). Social capital and international migration: A test using information on family networks. American Journal of Sociology, 106(5), 1262-1298.
View publication via DOI: DOI:10.1086/320817

Palloni, A. (2001). Diffusion in sociological analysis: How useful is it for the study of fertility and mortality? In J. Casterline & B. Cohen (Eds.), Social processes underlying fertility changes in developing countries. National Research Council Press.

Palloni, A. (2001). Mortality and AIDS. In N.J Smelser & P.B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences.

Palloni, A. & Morenoff, J. (2001). Interpreting the paradoxical in the Hispanic Paradox: Demographic and epidemiological approaches. In M. Weinstein, A. Hermalin, & M. Stoto (Eds), Population health and aging. New York Academy of Sciences.

Palloni, A., Pelaez, M., & De Vos, S. (2000). Aging in Latin America (Working Series Paper, No. 99-2). Madison: University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology.

Palloni, A. (2000). Increment-decrement life tables. In S.H. Preston, P. Heuveline, & M. Guillot (Eds.), Elements of demography. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Palloni, A., & Arias, E. (1998). Prevalence and patterns of female-headed households in Latin America: 1970-1990. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 30(2), 257-279.

Palloni, A., & Hagan, J. (1998). Sociological criminology and the mythology of Hispanic immigration and crime. Social Problems, 46(4), 617-32.

Palloni, A., Pelaez, M., & De Vos, S. (1998). Aging in Latin America. The Pan American Health Organization Bulletin (Special Issue).

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