Those who had difficult childhoods may be more likely to experience depression as adults. This MIDUS study looked at whether having a sense of purpose in life can help avoid this outcome.
This MIDUS study found that although experiencing economic hardship during a recession can contribute to psychological distress, this likely outcome is less among those with a heightened sense of control.
Those who retire may be at risk for mental declines if they aren’t able to replace stimulating work environments with other mentally challenging activities after they retire.
Staying physically active is associated with a lower likelihood of becoming disabled, however, this does not appear to be true for all older adults.