One of the core features of the American Dream is that if you work hard you can achieve your goals. However, this MIDUS study suggests that hard work mostly pays off only for those from advantaged backgrounds.
This study showed that how socioeconomic status is measured (whether by assets, income, or education) matters when studying how poverty and wealth are linked to mortality. However, smoking history seems to be a more important factor than how much money you have.
This study was the first to look at how consecutive nights of sleep loss at home (instead of in a clinical setting) affect our emotional and physical well-being.
Millions of Americans suffer from chronic pain. This MIDUS study looked at whether experiencing different types of discrimination was linked with how chronic pain interferes with daily activities and enjoyment of life.
Those whose families were economically disadvantaged during childhood have been found to have higher body weight in early adulthood and midlife. Given that excessive weight it tied to various chronic disease outcomes, it is important to know whether these inequalities continue into older age.
Lesbian and bisexual women, many of whom hold less traditional gender beliefs about femininity and aging, may have fewer negative feelings about menopause.
Those who had difficult childhoods may be more likely to experience depression as adults. This MIDUS study looked at whether having a sense of purpose in life can help avoid this outcome.
This MIDUS study found that although experiencing economic hardship during a recession can contribute to psychological distress, those who can increase their sense of control suffer less.
Those who retire may be at risk for mental declines if they aren’t able to replace stimulating work environments with other mentally challenging activities after they retire.
Staying physically active is associated with a lower likelihood of becoming disabled, however, this does not appear to be true for all older adults.